Any type of garden can benefit from vertical gardening techniques. The advantages of cultivating a vertical garden are many, including saving space – especially helpful if you live in a large city or have a limited amount of space for a garden.
Vertical gardening techniques can range from a simple trellis, cage or stake to hydroponic kits and fences – and more. They provide support to your plants as well as keeping them from contracting soil-borne diseases and insects.
The first thing you need to decide before planting your vertical garden is whether it’s going to be permanent or temporary. A permanent vertical garden is the type that urban landscapes use on buildings or to train heavier plants such as fruit trees to climb against a wall.
A temporary vertical garden can utilize a variety of methods, including T-stakes or 4 by 4 posts. Pots are also an option to use for planting in a vertical garden setting.
This is an especially good idea if your space ”like a lot in New York city” happens to be concrete and there’s little or no soil available. When the plant(s) begin to grow in the pot, you can then train them on a stake, trellis or special twine to climb the wall.
A living wall involves a bit more work, but will be worth the time and effort. With a living wall, panels are inserted onto the wall. Made of stainless steel, these panels contain actual irrigation systems that take much of the work out of gardening.
Green walls are another technique that uses mats and other structures especially designed for vertical gardening. A “loose media” wall uses soil placed in a special bag or on a specially-designed shelf. You plant the garden first in the bag or shelf and then install them on a wall.
Using a special mat made of “coir fibre” or felt is a popular vertical garden technique. Mats are mostly utilized when creating an indoor green wall because they’ll last longer than when exposed to outdoor elements.
More advanced vertical gardens use strong and resilient structures to support plants. They’re perfect for indoor or outdoor green walls and are valued for their ease of maintenance and longevity. If you live in an area where the weather is volatile (high winds and heavy rain), structures offer the most protection.
Structure “blocks” for vertical gardening can be cut to and size, shape and thickness, depending on the type of plants you’ll be growing on the wall. You can also customize their capabilities for holding water and controlling the pH balance.
Window boxes and hanging baskets can also become vertical gardening media. Learn all about vertical gardening and the products that will help your efforts by searching online. It’s an amazing and satisfying way to add beauty to your home or space, put food on the table and help the environment by using less space.